Evaluation of Perifacet Injections and Paraspinal muscle rehabilitation in Treatment of Low Back Pain. A Randomised Controlled Trial Deiary KADER , Sarkhell RADHA , Francis SMITH , Douglas WARDLAW , Neil SCOTT , Amol REGE , M POPE Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2012; 14(3):251-259 ICID: 1002264
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 3.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Background. Lumbar paraspinal muscle dysfunction and Low Back Pain are strongly correlated. The best treatment for non-specific Low Back Pain is still controversial.
Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of lumbar multifidus muscle retraining exercises and perifacet multifidus injections in the treatment of Low Back Pain.
Methods. 63 patients with non-specific LBP, with or without leg pain, and magnetic resonance images of paraspinal muscle degeneration only, were randomised to one of three treatment groups: A- Back education and standard physiotherapy for 10 weeks, B- Back education and gym ball exercise for 10 weeks or C- Perifacet injection into the lumbar multifidus muscle with methylprednisolone. The Oswestry Disability Index was used as the primary outcome measure and the SF-36, modified Zung depression index, modified somatic perception and McGill pain questionnaires were used as secondary outcome measures.
Results. 56 patients completed the trial. The Oswestry Disability Index improved in general from a mean of 29.9 to 25.9, but there were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Low back pain improved most in group C (P<0.02), while physical activities and social functioning were improved the most in group B (P<0.03).
Conclusion. Perifacet injection and back education including a gym ball exercise program may be more effective than back education alone in relieving pain and improving physical capacity respectively. Back education including gym ball exercise could be used for non-specific Low Back Pain, as the ultimate goal should be to restore function.
DOI 10.5604/15093492.1002264 PMID 22764337 - click here to show this article in PubMed