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Journal Abstract
Fracture Healing and its Disturbances. A literature Review
Grzegorz Szczęsny
Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2015; 17(5):437-454
ICID: 1186809
Article type: Review article
IC™ Value: 2.40
Abstract provided by Publisher
The healing of a bone fracture is a biological process depending on the activation of mesenchymal progenitors, their accumulation in the fracture gap, proliferation and differentiation into the osteoblastic cell lineage. Its aim is to form a callus in the fracture gap which is later remodelled into mature bone, restoring the mechanical properties lost in consequence of the fracture.
Disturbances in fracture repair occur relatively often, causing therapeutic problems and increasing costs of treatment. They are caused by the lack of or damage to progenitor cells, disturbances in molecular regulation of their activation, homing, proliferation and differentiation into the osteoblastic cell lineage, or lack of appropriate environment for their optimal metabolism for fracture repair. This paper discusses the roles of individual factors crucial for the reparative process as well as the mechanisms responsible for their disturbances.

ICID 1186809

DOI 10.5604/15093492.1186809
PMID 26751744 - click here to show this article in PubMed

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