Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options. Literature Reviev Radoslav Zamborsky, Milan Kokavec, Lukas Simko, Martin Bohac Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2017; 19(1):1-8 ICID: 1232629
Article type: Review article
IC™ Value: 2.40
Abstract provided by Publisher
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common form of entrapment neuropathy. Several authors have investigated the anatomical and pathophysiological features of CTS and have identified several parameters that, in combination, play a significant role in its pathophysiology. Advancement in biological research on CTS has enabled the advent of efficient diagnostic techniques such as provocative tests and nerve conduction studies. Sophisticated technologies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (US), have facilitated the diagnosis of CTS. This review article aims at consolidating the relevant medical literature pertaining to the symptoms, pathophysiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies of CTS. It also compares the various methods of diagnosis and discusses their benefits and disadvantages. Finally, it sheds light on the conservative vs. surgical approach to treatment and compares them. While the surgical approach has proved to be more efficient relative to the conservative methods of steroid injections and splinting, many studies have demonstrated both advantages and adverse effects of the surgical methods. Surgical options and complications are discussed in detail. This article comprehensively summarizes all medical aspects of CTS to update medical professionals’ knowledge regarding the disease.