Evaluation of bone mineral density and bone metabolism in children with multiple bone fractures Izabela Michałus , Danuta Chlebna-Sokół , Agnieszka Rusińska, Elżbieta Jakubowska-Pietkiewicz , Katarzyna Kulińska-Szukalska Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2008; 10(6):602-612 ICID: 877576
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 7.16
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Background. The aim of the study was to carry out a comprehensive analysis of determinants of multiple bone fractures in children with regard to densitometric indices and markers of bone metabolism.Material and methods. The study involved 112 children aged 5-18 years, including 81 patients with a history of at least 3 bone fractures and 31 healthy patients in a control group. Total body and spinal DXA densitometry of the skeleton (DPX-L apparatus, Lunar) was carried out in all children. Laboratory assays comprised the determination of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium (in the serum and 24-hour urine collection), parathormone, liver metabolite of vitamin D, osteocalcin, bone alkaline phosphatase, and N-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of collagen type I (NTx).Results. Mean values of DXA Z-score, both in total body and in spinal scans, were significantly lower in children with multiple fractures as compared to controls. In children with multiple fractures, there was a higher prevalence of hypercalciuria, hypermagnesuria and hyperphosphaturia. Decreased levels of the liver metabolite of vitamin D were observed in 20/81 (24.7%) patients in this group and in 6/31 controls. Other findings included a higher level of NTx in 38/75 (50.7%) patients with fractures, an increased activity of bone alkaline phosphatase in 29, and of osteocalcin in 12 patients. In this group, there was a significant negative correlation between biochemical bone turnover markers and low bone mass. Also, lower DXA Z-scores were found in children with higher urinary calcium excretion. Conclusions. 1. Decreased bone mineral density was the most frequent risk factor for bone fractures in children; it was found in about 2/3 of the patients with multiple bone fractures. 2. Accelerated bone turnover, and, particularly, increased bone resorption, indicates a derangement of bone metabolism in children with multiple fractures. 3. Repeated fractures during the body growth period are an indication for a quantitative evaluation of bone mass, calcium-phosphate metabolism and bone turnover markers.
ICID 877576 PMID 19153549 - click here to show this article in PubMed