Electromyographic and Clinical Evaluation of the Efficacy
of Neuromobilization in Patients with Low Back Pain
Michał Dwornik , Jolanta Kujawa , Dariusz Białoszewski , Anna Słupik, Wojciech Kiebzak Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2009; 11(2):164-176 ICID: 885610
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 7.53
Abstract provided by Publisher
Background. Evidence for the efficacy of therapeutic methods and procedures is being sought in accordance with the principles of Evidence Based Medicine. The choice of a physiotherapy method should be based on its documented efficacy. The purpose of the investigation was to analyse changes in functional disorders of resting muscle tone following neuromobilization treatment in patients with chronic low back pain. Material and methods. The study involved 108 outpatients treated due to low back pain and neurogenic functional pain referred to the lower extremity. The treated group was subjected to two weeks of neuromobilization-based physiotherapy. The control group received standard physiotherapy, also over two weeks. Results. The treated group demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in muscle tone in all muscles examined, clinical improvements (Laseque test and Bragard test results), decreased pain threshold estimated with a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). In the control group, the only statistically significant change was a decrease in gastrocnemius muscle tone. Conclusion. 1. The results of the examinations appear to suggest that evaluation of resting muscle tone can be used to provide an objective assessment of the analgesic efficacy of physiotherapy, including neuromobilization. 2. In the treated group, neuromobilization therapy was superior to standard physiotherapy as regards eliminating or decreasing elevated resting muscle tone in response to pain in patients with low back pain. 3. Neuromobilization produced a significant improvement in clinical test results and clinical symptoms in the treated group as opposed to the control group, which demonstrates the efficacy of this therapy. 4. The results of the examinations show that tibialis anterior sEMG had the biggest diagnostic value for detecting changes in pain severity.
ICID 885610 PMID 19502673 - click here to show this article in PubMed