Archival Issues
Volume 19, 2017
Volume 18, 2016
Volume 17, 2015
Volume 16, 2014
Volume 15, 2013
Volume 14, 2012
Volume 13, 2011
Volume 12, 2010
Volume 11, 2009
Volume 10, 2008
Volume 9, 2007
Volume 8, 2006
Volume 7, 2005
Volume 6, 2004
Volume 5, 2003
Volume 4, 2002
Volume 3, 2001
Volume 2, 2000
Volume 1, 1999
Journal Abstract
Tracheal laceration associated with cervical spine injury-case report.
Sebastian Sobiech , Dariusz Onichimowski , Ewa Gawlikowska
Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2010; 12(2):166-174
ICID: 909946
Article type: Case report
IC™ Value: 4.54
Abstract provided by Publisher
Mortality as a result of cervical spine injuries is predominantly associated with respiratory complications. Besides atelectasis, pneumonia, or respiratory failure, possible complications also include damage to anatomical structures of the respiratory tract. Case report. We present the case of a 44-year-old man who suffered a cervical spine injury with associated tracheal laceration after a fall from a height of about 2 meters. Vertebrae C3, C4, C5 were damaged with anterior dislocation at the C3/C4 level. Because of the development of respiratory failure, the patient was intubated and mechanical ventilation was commenced. In view of a complete and irreversible spinal cord injury, the patient was not qualified for an emergency stabilisation of the vertebral fractures. Surgery was further delayed because of increasing signs of a respiratory infection. On the 12th ICU day, a perforation of the anterior tracheal wall was identified during an elective tracheotomy. Due to the presence of pus at the tracheostomy site and air leakage around the tracheostomy tube cuff, the patient was intubated with a double-lumen endotracheal tube. On the 23th ICU day, acute problems with mechanical ventilation developed due to persisting air leakage around the tube cuff accompanied by signs suggestive of a tracheo-oesophageal fistula. Replacement of the double-lumen tube with a single-lumen one and a bronchoscopy was followed by cardiac arrest. Resuscitation led to the return of circulation over four hours, followed by death of the patient in the setting of increasing shock. The cervical spine injury suffered by the patient can be classified as Magerl’s B1.2.3 and additionally as a Category C injury. These are the most severe injuries which may be accompanied by tracheal or oesophageal damage. In such cases, it is advisable to carry out detailed work-up to detect any damage to structures adjacent to the spine, in particular the trachea and oesophagus. Early stabilisation of severe spinal fractures allows for intraoperative assessment of the adjacent structures. A delay in diagnosing damage to the trachea or oesophagus is associated with poorer prognosis and a potential inability to treat the injuries due to developing inflammatory complications.

ICID 909946
PMID 20453256 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Related articles
  • in IndexCopernicus™
         uraz kręgosłupa szyjnego [1 related records]
         uszkodzenie tchawicy [0 related records]
         tracheotomia [3 related records]
         injury [26 related records]
         cervical spine [14 related records]
         tracheal laceration [1 related records]
         Tracheotomy [105 related records]

  • Related articlesin PubMed database
  • in PubMed database [ related records]


    Copyright © Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja  2017
    Page created by Index Copernicus Ltd. All Rights reserved.