Changes in the hip migration percentage and motor function in patients with cerebral palsy treated surgically by multilevel soft tissue release – preliminary report Magdalena Szczepanik , Joanna Dudek , Sławomir Snela , Rafał Piasek Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2011; 13(2):173-183 ICID: 939206
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 7.28
Abstract provided by Publisher
Background: Disturbed muscle balance secondary to upper motor neuron damage in the course of infantile cerebral palsy (ICP) leads to the development of progressive morphological changes in joints, especially the hip. We analysed changes in Reimers’ index (hip migration percentage – MP), and functional ability in CP children after multilevel soft tissue release.
Material and methods: We studied 22 patients with cerebral palsy following one-stage multilevel soft tissue release. The children were examined twice: one day before the surgery and at least 6 months (a mean of 9 months) after the procedure.
Hip stability was evaluated radiographically using Reimers’ index. Post-operative functional changes were analysed with the Gross Motor Function Measure-88 scale (GMFM–88).
Result: Reimers’ index decreased post-operatively in 20 right and 18 left hips and increased in 2 right and 4 left hips. Functional ability according to the GMFM scale increased in 17 children (by a mean of 7.1%), did not change in 3 patients with near-maximum pre-operative scores, and worsened in 2 patients.
Conclusions: Our study showed that, when performed for appropriate indications, multilevel soft tissue release surgery can improve hip stability and functional ability in CP children.
ICID 939206 PMID 21602584 - click here to show this article in PubMed