A case study in bilateral radial head fractures in apparently trivial trauma: a subtle diagnosis Nasir Muzaffar, Naveed Bashir, Asif Baba, Aejaz Ahmad, Nawaz Ahmad Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2011; 13(6):601-606 ICID: 971046
Article type: Case report
IC™ Value: 4.37
Abstract provided by Publisher
Radial head and neck fractures are common in young to middle age adults and are seen in nearly 20 % of acute elbow injuries in this age group. These are usually associated with high energy traumas like falls from height, road traffic accidents and sports injuries. Unilateral radial head fractures are relatively common and may be associated with other concomitant injuries. Bilateral radial head fractures are rare and are mostly seen in situations when the patient has a fall on outstretched, supinated hands or a direct fall on the elbow. These injuries can be easily missed by the attending physician if the symptoms are more severe on one side, thus neglecting the other. The treatment of these fractures may be conservative or operative, depending upon the degree of head comminution, the percentage of articular surface involved, presence of loose intra-articular fragments and angulation between the radial neck and proximal shaft. We present a case series of three patients with bilateral type 1 radial head fractures (one case having type 3 on one side) managed with brief immobilization followed by active physiotherapy and full, uneventful recovery. The emphasis in these cases is the need for a high index of suspicion in the diagnosis of multiple injuries, no matter how `trivial` the mechanism of injury and, unless the history of the mode of trauma is highly suggestive, such injuries can be missed easily and cause long term problems for the patient.
DOI 10.5604/15093492.971046 PMID 22248465 - click here to show this article in PubMed